Boony with a good-sized Corio Bay lizard.

Guide to Catching Flathead in Yeppoon

WITH the cooler weather finally starting to show its head, the focus changes for a lot of local fishos.

But that’s not to say our feisty warm-weather species are out of the question, it’s simply that as the water temperature drops, the bread and butter species become more prevalent in our estuaries. The water in our local systems also becomes much cleaner and we can start to confidently target and begin catching flathead, both dusky and bar-tailed, and cracker pikey and yellowfin bream.

Bait fishing is very effective for snaring a few fish but I find casting a lure is an awesome way to cover a fair bit of water in pursuit of light gear fun. One thing a lot of people like about chasing these species is it’s not imperative to own a boat. Plenty of flatties and bream are caught by walking the banks of local estuaries and casting lures as you move along the banks.

You can keep things pretty simple when chasing flatties and bream. In my opinion, the lighter your gear, the better. A small spin reel of 1000-2500 size and a light 1-3kg or 2-4kg 6’6” or 7’ rod is ample. Your reel needs only to be spooled with 4-10lb braid and a decent length of good-quality leader material.

For flathead I will use up to 12lb leader but prefer to use 8-10lb. If mainly chasing bream I will go as light as possible and use 4lb braid and 4lb leader, which makes for a lot of fun when bigger fish smash your lures near snags. Similar to most avid lure fishers, I simply can’t choose a couple of lures to throw around; I need to have lots of different ones… just in case.

When targeting flathead I mainly use soft plastics so I can remain in constant contact with the bottom, disturbing as much sand as possible on the retrieve to try to trigger a bite. It pays to change up how you retrieve the plastic until the most effective one is found. From hop, hop, pause… hop, hop, pause, to a quick three winds and stop, flathead will find all sorts of retrieves interesting, but generally they prefer a specific retrieve on a particular day.

When chasing flatties, I usually fish the outgoing tide. On the first of the falling tide I target the top edges of yabby beds where the fish feed when the water is high. As the tide recedes I concentrate on where the water runs off the tops of the yabby beds and banks and into drains in the main creek.

A small assortment of plastics and hard-bodies used by the author.
A small assortment of plastics and hard-bodies used by the author.
Colouration of the humble lizard can be awesome. Note the tail markings on this example.
Colouration of the humble lizard can be awesome. Note the tail markings on this example.
Brad Handley with a good bank-caught lizard.
Brad Handley with a good bank-caught lizard.

Flathead will sit here with their heads up in the current waiting for baitfish and prawns to come off the flats and banks. It’s not uncommon to see flathead in less than 15cm of water waiting for the last of the bait to nervously swim into the feeder drains. When the current slows and the creeks have fallen into one main stream is when I switch tactics and chase a few big bream.

Once the tide is lower the bream will come out from tight against the banks and patrol the edges of snags. I like to use small floating hard-bodies of 35-48mm when chasing bream. Designs that have a ‘searching’ action prove more effective, and these can simply be cast and retrieved with a straight wind and pause, with little rod work required.

I’ve had considerable success using these styles with brands such as Ecogear, Zerek and Atomic. As for soft plastics when targeting bream, I only use lures with a subtle action, such as grub tails, wrigglers and swim baits with a small paddle tail. Recently I have been playing with lightly rigged Dragon Maggots and Fish Arrow Flash J Shads.

With their very subtle action they don’t seem to spook the wary bream too much if allowed to land lightly. It’s amazing how spooky these fish can be at times. Some days all you’ve got to do is look at them the wrong way and they head for the hills. Be aware of the different size limits for flathead in our Queensland estuary systems.

Dusky and bar-tailed flathead are the most common in our area. Dusky flathead have a minimum size of 40cm and a maximum of 75cm, while bar-tails have a minimum size of 30cm. Both these species have a bag limit of five. The easiest way to tell them apart is the markings on their tails.

Check the Fisheries Queensland website for detailed images.

Bream have a minimum size limit of 25cm and a combined bag limit of 30 for pikey and yellowfin bream and tarwhine. One thing to bear in mind is bream are very slow-growing fish, so a large bream has a lot of years under its belt. I find it disappointing to see an Esky full of extra-large bream.

Don’t get me wrong, this is just a personal choice, but I believe it’s important to consider how long it took that 38cm bream to grow that big.
Fisheries Queensland research suggests it can take a bream of 30cm up to 12 years to reach that size. Anyway, go on and get out there.

Grab a few small lures, head to your local creek system and have a throw at these bread and butter species. You’ll be surprised how much fun they can be on super-light gear.

About Gregg Chapman

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One comment

  1. Will be heading to Yeppoon/Emu Park in a week and want to do some fishing. With a bjt of luck we may be making the area home.
    This article was most helpful.
    Thank you.

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